Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood is low. A normal hemoglobin level in men is more than 13.5 gram/100ml, while in women, the level should be more than 12.0 gram. 

Blood comprises of two parts called The Plasma and Cellular Part. Red blood cells live about 100 days, the body therefore tries much to replace the dying ones. 

Types of Anaemia

1. Aplastic Anemia –

this is a rare but serious blood disorder where the bone marrow doesn’t make enough new blood cells. If left untreated, it could result to some health conditions like bleeding, heart failure and infections.

2. Sickle Cell Anemia

this is a type of blood disorder where the body makes sickle-shaped red blood cells which do not move easily through the blood vessels. A normal red blood cell should be Disk – Shaped. A low number of red blood cells occurs because the cells do not last long. They usually die after 10-20 days and the body finds it difficult to replace the red blood cells faster to replace the dying ones leading to anemia.

3. Thalassemia

this are inherited blood disorders which cause the body to make fewer healthy red blood cells.

4. Iron Deficiency Anemia

this is the most common form of Anemia. It is caused by chronic blood loss.

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5. Hemolytic Anaemia

it is a condition in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream before their normal life span is up. It can lead to health conditions like heart failure, enlarged heart, fatigue and pain

 

Causes of Anemia

1. Blood loss – can be through heavy menstrual periods, post surgery or trauma, bleeding in the digestive tract.

2. Diet – the body cannot be able to make enough red blood cells if it lacks vital nutrients and vitamins like Folic acid, Iron, Vitamin C, Copper.

3. Pregnancy – Anemia can occur during pregnancy because of low level of folic acid, changes in the blood and iron.

Other Causes are

4. Hormones

5. Diseases and Infections

6. Lack of Red Blood cells Production

7. Drugs like Ibuprofen or aspirin

8. Gastrointestinal Conditions such as Ulcers and Gastritis.

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Symptoms of Anemia

. Low Energy

. Shortness of breath

. Irregular Heartbeat or Palpitation

. Light Headedness

. Weakness

. Fatigue

 

Treatments of Anemia.

Treatment depends on the causes of Anemia

1. Aplastic Anemia – When you have this type of anemia, blood transfusion or medications is required to boost levels of red blood cells.

2. Hemolytic Anemia – when you have this type of disorder, Consult a doctor who specializes in vascular problem.

3. Blood Loss – Take iron Supplements & change your diets to essential vitamins and nutrients rich in Folic acid, Vitamin C and D, Iron and other essential nutrients

4. Sickle Cell Anemia – Pain killer, oxygen therapy, folic acid and supplements. Drug such as Hydroxyurea is also great for sickle cell management.

Thalassemia – Doesn’t really need treatment. A bone marrow transplant or blood transfusion is needed in severe cases.

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Herbal Treatments of Anemia

1. Aloe Vera 

aloe Vera works well in boosting the overall immunity of the body. It helps to stimulate the bone marrow so it can produce more red blood cells.

2. Iron Weed

This is a great remedy in treating anemia. Iron weed is a type of blood tonic that is used to cure bleeding that might cause Anemia.

3. Yellow Dock

Many herbal doctors have over the years, used yellow dock to treat Anemia. It’s major component is Bioflavonoid which helps in the formation of blood.

4. Dong Quai 

this is a very famous Chinese herb used to treat Anemia. This herb tones and nourishes the blood, it also stimulates the formation of more red blood cells and increases the amount of blood in the body.

5. Dandelion Roots

this roots are high in vitamin B and iron which helps in filtering and formation of the red blood cells.

 

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